Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Paxil Side Effects and Precautions

Paxil Side Effects and Precautions Panic Disorder Treatment Print Paxil Information, Dosage, and Side Effects By Sheryl Ankrom linkedin Sheryl Ankrom is a clinical professional counselor and nationally certified clinical mental health counselor specializing in anxiety disorders. Learn about our editorial policy Sheryl Ankrom Updated on January 23, 2020 Joe Raedle / Staff / Getty Images More in Panic Disorder Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Coping Related Conditions In This Article Table of Contents Expand Dosage Information Side Effects How Long Paxil Takes to Work Is Paxil Addictive? If You Miss a Dose Precautions/Contraindications Serotonin Syndrome SSRI Discontinuation Syndrome FDA Black Box Warning View All Back To Top Paxil (paroxetine) is an SSRI antidepressant introduced in 1992 by GlaxoSmithKline.?? Paxil was the first formally approved SSRI for the treatment of panic disorder in the United States. Paxil is available in a generic equivalent, paroxetine, and is indicated for the treatment of: panic disorder with or without agoraphobiamajor depressive disorderobsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)social anxiety disordergeneralized anxiety disorder Dosage Information Paxil, and its generic equivalent, paroxetine, are manufactured in scored tablets of 10, 20, 30, and 40 mg. It is also available in a liquid oral solution. Your doctor may begin therapy with a low dose that may be increased if your symptoms do not improve. Starting at a low dose can also minimize some of these side effects because it gives your body time to adjust to the medication. Paxil (paroxetine) is usually taken once each day and may be taken with or without food. Paxil CR is a controlled-release formula that works by taking a single dose that processes in the body throughout the day. Paxil CR is manufactured in tablets of 12.5, 25, and 37.5 mg. Side Effects Some of the common side effects associated with Paxil therapy include:?? WeaknessDrowsinessDizzinessNauseaAnxiety or nervousnessDry mouthInsomniaConstipation or diarrheaIncreased sweatingDecreased libido, erectile dysfunction, ejaculatory/orgasmic inability or delay. Some people experience a reduction in some of these side effects after being on the medication for a while. If they remain bothersome, though, you should consult with your doctor. If you experience any of the following less common side effects, you should call your doctor right away: Agitation or irritabilityRestlessnessImpulsivenessHyperactivityTremorsMemory problems You should get emergency medical attention if you experience any of the following rare, but serious, side effects:?? Allergic reactionâ€"difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips or tongue or difficulty swallowing.SeizuresProblems with balance or coordinationConfusionHallucinationsRacing or abnormal heart rateFaintingSuicidal thoughts These are not the only side effects that may be experienced with paroxetine. You should report any bothersome side effects to your doctor or other healthcare professional. How Long Paxil Takes to Work Some people experience some improvement in symptoms within one or two weeks of starting paroxetine. The full therapeutic effect, however, may not be achieved for about eight weeks. Is Paxil Addictive? Paxil is not believed to be addictive or habit-forming. If You Miss a Dose If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it’s nearly time to take your next dose. Do not take extra Paxil to make up the missed dose. Precautions and Contraindications Pregnancy. Recent studies have linked Paxil to an increased risk of birth defects, particularly heart defects when taken during the first trimester of pregnancy.?? Some of these defects are mild and resolve without intervention, but some may be quite serious. It has also been suggested that exposure to SSRIs during late pregnancy may increase the risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension, a serious lung disorder, in a newborn.?? If you are nursing or are pregnant, it is best to discuss the risks and benefits of SSRI therapy with your doctor. NSAIDs or Aspirin. Use of Paxil with NSAIDs or aspirin may be associated with an increased risk of bleeding.?? Liver Disease. Before taking Paxil, tell your doctor if you have impaired liver function. Depending on your condition, your doctor may need to adjust your dose and perform certain tests while on Paxil therapy. Alcohol. Drinking alcohol with Paxil should be avoided. This list is not all-inclusive. Other drug interactions should be avoided and medical issues your doctor may need to consider. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements, you are taking before beginning paroxetine. Serotonin Syndrome Any SSRI antidepressant has a risk of producing a potentially life-threatening condition called serotonin syndrome.?? This rare condition is usually the result of an interaction of two or more drugs that affect brain serotonin levels. Even some over-the-counter supplements, such as St. John’s Wort, can result in serotonin syndrome if mixed with SSRIs. A particularly troublesome interaction is mixing SSRIs with a class of antidepressants called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), which should not be taken with SSRIs. It is recommended that Paxil is avoided for two weeks before or after using an MAOI. SSRI Discontinuation Syndrome Before discontinuing Paxil, talk with your doctor. Some people have reported withdrawal-like symptoms when decreasing or stopping SSRI therapy. It is believed that these symptoms are the result of the brain trying to stabilize serotonin levels after an abrupt change. Symptoms that may occur during discontinuation of any SSRI therapy include:?? NauseaHeadacheMuscle AchesDizzinessElectric shock-like sensations in the neck and head While all of these symptoms are not believed to be dangerous, they can be quite upsetting. When discontinuing an SSRI, your doctor may give you a gradual reduction schedule to avoid these withdrawal-like symptoms. FDA Black Box Warning The association of increased suicidal thoughts, especially among adolescents with SSRI treatment, has been a center of attention and controversy in recent years.?? In response to the concerns suggested in case studies and some research?, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a statement in 2007?. The FDA proposed that makers of all antidepressant medications indicate a warning on their products about a possible increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in young adults, ages 18 to 24, during the initial treatment.??

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Generation Of The Millennial Generation - 939 Words

The Millennial Generation, also known as Generation Y, applies to the individuals born between 1982 and 2004. They reached adulthood around the turn of the 21st century, and with a population of about 80 million people. This age group is characterized by values, unique experiences and expectations. This is a very protected and desired generation. The Millennials are presented as a culturally diverse generation optimistic, self confident, sociable and achievement-oriented. They represent approximately 25% of the workforce in the United States. Millennials are supposed to be the years that people are discovering who they are. Eighteen to thirty year olds shouldn’t be stressing out about marriage or even thinking about getting married.†¦show more content†¦With any kind of debt, it sets them back from becoming freewheeling. Because of the debt most of them end up moving back or staying with their parents. According to Catey Hill, the number one thing Millennials have put off, thanks to student loan, is buying a home(Hill). Money is a very important part in pursuing traditional milestones. Without money, the most important things couldn’t get done like marriage or buying a car. eighteen to thirty year olds want to feel secure financially before anything. Rushing into marriage is something no one should do, let alone someone who is just entering adulthood. Marriage was a requirement for adulthood; but pre-adults aren t ready for that, not in todays world. Matrimony should be met once. Young adults shouldn’t be pressured into monogamy because of their age. Most people in their early or late 20s are still trying to find themselves; or figure out who they are trying to become. It takes time to get to know someone, and during pre-adult age most of the time they have time for it. Although data state that women who marry at 18 are more likely to make marriage work than men at 21. Eighteen to thirty year olds still shouldn’t be rushed. Rushing into marriage sometimes leads to early divorce. For example, if someone straight out of high school or college gets married, its less likely to last. Because they don t have anythingShow MoreRelatedMillennial Generation And The Generation1529 Words   |  7 PagesMillennial Generation Society is changing rapidly, through technology, education, family structure, life expectancy, and religion. One of the major changes, in society, is due to the rise of the Millennial Generation or Generation Y. Millennials have some very distinct characteristics that completely differentiate them from past generations. Now that the generation is growing and becoming young adults, research is becoming more assessable about them. This causes the generation to receive their ownRead MoreThe Generation And The Millennial Generation1781 Words   |  8 Pagesdeceive people by using different techniques, like using words such as â€Å"sale, convenient, latest,† or even by having appealing pictures going along with products. The main target audience that marketers aim to influence is the millennial generation. So much of the millennial generation is influenced through social media and technology. With such an exuberant use and understanding of technology, marketers realized how to t arget the most vulnerable group of consumers. Marketer’s upfront goal is being ableRead MoreThe Generation Of The Millennial Generation1232 Words   |  5 Pagesadvances, deathly diseases, and new cures. Even though majority of this can be seen as a positive, the individuals that contributed to them, Millennials, are often subjected to harsh, daily criticisms. The Millennial Generation consists of the people who are currently running or in the future will run or nation, which older generations are extremely wary about. Millennials are tech-savvy, dream driven, and educated individuals that attribute to society and their own lives, yet are unappreciated due to preconceptionsRead MoreMillennials Are The Generation Of Our Generation Essay991 Words   |  4 PagesMillennials are the generation from about the years 1980-2000 and have relied heavily on technology as it is quickly evolving. People today know Millennials as young adults or teenagers that are starting to begin and p lan for their future plans. If a survey was put out to all none Millennials; most of the responses would be that Millennials rely on technology way too much. The reason the Millennials have a bad look is because people do not take the time to look at the positive side of things suchRead MoreThe Generation Of The Millennials957 Words   |  4 PagesIn the generation of the millennials, the internet has become the main source of news and according to an article by Aaron Smith on the Pew Internet website 43% of registered voters from 18-29 get there political information from social media (Smith, 2014). This fact shows that political information is transitioning from being distributed threw controlled news outlets to being able to be typed up and pushed out around the world by individuals. The effect of social media comes with the advancementRead MoreThe Future Of The Millennial Generation1549 Words   |  7 Pagesdidn’t mention was how hard it is to actually save that money i n this time period where money is just some set of digits on a screen. The millennial generation is in more of a financial crunch now than any other generation has ever been in and it’s looking like its getting worse. You can call them narcissistic, materialistic, and entitled, but millennials are set on the hunt on achieving financial goals. They are trying to keep up with their friends with the latest technology that booms somethingRead MoreMillennial Generation Analysis835 Words   |  4 Pagestoday’s generation of young-adults the most, lazy. This is how journalist, Joel Stein, explains the millennial generation as, in his article, The ME ME ME Generation. For Stein to categorize 75.5 million people into a sub-category which he describes as being narcissistic and fame-obsessed obscures the contribution and positive influence that has emerged from this progressive group these past three decades. While trying to point out all the negative traits associated with the millennial generation, includingRead MoreThe Importance Of The Millennial Generation912 Words   |  4 PagesA generation with missing pieces. It is said that the Millennials have a certain feeling of entitled now a days. This all has to do with the bubble we have created for our millennials that once they have to go out too reality they lose themselves. We have let them believe that just because they want something they can h ave it, but we have not shown them the skills of how to work for it. Our millennial generation does not have the same principles and ethics that were instilled on previous generationsRead MoreThe Impact Of The Millennial Generation710 Words   |  3 PagesTechnology and medicine change on the daily and continue to improve throughout generations. There are new ideas that come with each upcoming generation, specifically the millennial generation, but one concept in particular has people of all ages concerned and questioning what are the moral standards of people today. Ethics many vary from person to person, depending on their view of the world. The rising generation has changed many standards of the world with the decisions they are making. We makeRead MoreThe Millennial Generation and the Families1110 Words   |  5 PagesThe Effects of the Joblessness have on The Millennial Generation and the Families Catherine Simmons Composition 1010, Class TTH 10:50 Professor Vicki Vitelli October 12, 2010 Don Peck paints a depressing picture of the future of America in his article â€Å"How a New Jobless Era Will Transform America†. Unemployment is a disease that has plagued our country for decades, but this country has always survived and recovered. America will survive this high unemployment. Although the high

Hrqol Among Road Crash Victims Health And Social Care Essay Free Essays

Road clang can be defined as the occurence on a route due to the carelessness or skip by any party concerned or due to environmental factor ensuing in a hit that involved at least one traveling vehicle whereby harm or hurt is caused to any individual, belongings, vehicle, construction or animate being and is recorded by the constabulary ( ADB-ASEAN,2004 ) . Road traffic clangs and hurts is a public wellness job worldwide. A study carried out by Pull offing Occupational Road Risk ( manORR ) found out that 8 million employees drive on company concern every twenty-four hours and 250 of them are earnestly injured every hebdomad. We will write a custom essay sample on Hrqol Among Road Crash Victims Health And Social Care Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now In Malaysia, entire figure of route clangs had increased from 24,581 instances in 1974 to 328,264 instances in 2005, making more than 135 % addition of accident instances over 30 old ages. Harmonizing to Cubi-Molla et.al ( 2010 ) , over 50 % of deceases caused by route clangs were associated to immature grownups in the age scope of 15-44 old ages old in the twelvemonth 2004. Victims of route traffic clang may be fatal or suffer from hurts due to the effects of the clang. There is big fluctuation in the badness of hurts. It may change from a minor contusion to severe spinal or head hurt ensuing in wellness position that some would see worse than decease ( Guria, 1993 ) . There are two degrees of effects for non-fatal hurts, which are temporarily and long-run hurt. In some instances, the hurting and agony may go on for the remainder of the victim ‘s life. The quality of life of the individual may be reduces as a effect of the hurt ( Guria, 1993 ) . World Health Organization ( WHO ) defines quality of life as the persons ‘ perceptual experiences of their place in life in the context of civilization and value systems in which they live, and in relation to their ends, outlooks and concerns. Quality of life encompasses multiple life spheres, such as physical wellbeing, mental wellbeing, societal relationships, functional ability and spiritualty. Quality of life is an of import result step in the rating of interventions for a scope of chronic physical and psychological upsets ( Skevington, 1999 ) . In a survey conducted by Aitken et.al ( 2007 ) in Queensland Trauma Registry infirmaries in Australia, it was shown that the participants in the survey were found to hold a markedly lower quality of life overall compared with the Australian normative population. It is besides consistent with findings in international samples of injured people who have suffered from general hurt ( Holbrook, 1998 ) . One of the facets in quality of life is health-related quality of life ( HRQoL ) . It is subjective and relates to the experience and feelings of an single individual. With bettering rates of endurance following route traffic hurts in many states, healthy old ages of life lost due to clangs progressively reflect the prevalence of disenabling sequelae ( Ameratunga et.al. , 2004 ) . Numerous surveies have shown that injured patients are at hazard of hapless quality-of-life results, and may develop psychological jobs in both the short and long footings ( Ukpong et.al, 2008 ) . Harmonizing to Family Doctor.org, post-traumatic emphasis upset ( PTSD ) is a type of anxiousness job. It can develop when one experience or see a traumatic event such as terrible auto clang. Those with PTSD have problem get bying with and retrieving from traumatic events and frequently experience the effects for months or even old ages afterwards. Powerful fear-related memories of the event seems to be a major portion of PTSD. There are significant impacts on households and friends and on the community in general. Harmonizing to healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au. , it is estimated that there are about 100 million households worldwide seeking to get by with the decease or disablement of a household member involved in a route clang. The impact of emotional is enourmous, and the common effects are depression and self-destruction. Another effect of route clang is on the victim ‘s physical status. Based on a research survey conducted by Ameratunga et.al ( 2004 ) , planetary load of route traffic hurts projected to rank as the 3rd prima cause of disability-adjusted life old ages by 2020. Harmonizing to Ukpong et.al ( 2008 ) , physical disfunction and disfiguration caused by some of the hurts may adversely impact the patients ‘ ability to set about their day-to-day activities, lower their temper and sense of self-pride. In a survey conducted by Anderson et. Al. ( 1997 ) , six people from entire of 24 respondents had to moved to another type of lodging because of disablements ensuing from the clang. Besides, route clang besides affect route clang victim ‘s societal life. There was a important decrease of quality of life in the sphere of societal relationships over clip in the injured patients. 29 % of respondents participated in a survey conducted by Anderson et. Al. ( 1997 ) was reported decreased societal activities such as decreased engagement in organisational and clean activities as a consequence of route clang. The fright of traffic and of being involved in clangs can take to reduces societal interaction and coherence as victims remain indoors. This resulted in more sedentary life style with effects wellness effects such as fleshiness and cardiovascular disease ( healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au ) . Other than that, victim ‘s of route clang suffer from fiscal job. Anderson et. Al. ( 1997 ) reported that from their survey it was found that half of the respondents had fiscal job after two old ages of accident because they were unable to return to work any longer, which was due to long-run digest. Peoples who claimed compensation had worse wellness related quality of life, 12 months after hurt, every bit good as describing that their wellness position and disablement were worse from a really early phase after hurt ( Littleton et.al, 2010 ) . Financial job after route clang besides reported by Zaloshnja et.al ( 2004 ) , where pecuniary losingss were associated with medical attention ( such as infirmary, rehabilitation, prescription and accessory costs ) , belongings harm and legal costs. Problem Statement The ground for carry oning this survey is there is limited literature on the results of hurt, including quality of life ( Aitken et.al, 2007 ) . A great trade of authorities clip and investing around the universe has been devoted to route safety in general. Until late, small attending was focused on work-related hurts happening on the route ( Murray, 2008 ) . In add-on, occupational safety and healths specializers have traditionally focused on safety in the workplace or on work sites instead than occupational route safety. The measuring of quality of life provides a utile method of measuring the results of wellness intercessions. 1.3 Research Justification A great trade of authorities clip and investing around the universe has been devoted to route safety. Until late, small attending was focused on work-related hurts happening on the route. Furthermore, occupational safety and wellness specializers have traditionally focused on safety in the workplace or on work sites ( Murray, et.al, 2008 ) . Decrease in HRQoL among employees may impact their work public presentation. With the appraisal of quality of life for those employees who had involved in occupational route clang, it help employees to work as before the clang occur. The finding of HRQoL among occupational route clang victims may help wellness workers in the designation of cardinal countries to aim in planning and monitoring different intervention options. In add-on, steps of HRQoL are going of import in the bar schemes for cut downing the load of hurt. Research Aims 1. To find the prevalence of hapless HRQoL after involved in route traffic clangs. 2. To analyze the impacts on the HRQoL among route traffic clangs victims. 3. To place the badness of the HRQoL among route traffic clangs victims. 4. To measure the long term HRQoL among route traffic clangs victims. Research Hypothesis 1. The prevalence of hapless HRQoL after involved in route traffic clangs are high as the victims are exposed to many effects from the clangs. 2. The impacts on the HRQoL among route traffic clangs victims are physical wellness, psychological, societal relationship and fiscal. 3. The badness of the HRQoL is vary between persons and besides depends on the badness of hurt. 4. The HRQoL of route traffic clangs victims will be improved by clip as they are able to accommodate the new physical status. Chapter 3 Methodology 3.1 Sampling Method Data will be collected from people identified from exigency section registries in three public infirmaries, which are Kuala Lumpur General Hospital, Seremban General Hospital and Melaka General Hospital. Choice of respondents will be based on the undermentioned inclusion standards: 1. Involved in occupational route clang in the last 7 yearss. 2. Occupational route clang victim that age between 18-40 old ages old. 3. Admission to infirmary for futher intervention transcending 24 hours. 4. Reason for admittance is trauma which is due to the route traffic clang and non due to other digest that arise from route clang. After possible respondents had been identified, they will be giving informed consent. Following, they need to reply the questionnaire sing their sociodemographic and clinical information. The same respondents will be follow-up to finish the Part II of the questionnaire within 2 two hebdomads after they involved in the route clang. The questionnaire will be classified into 2 parts: Part I: Sociodemographic and clinical informations Sociodemographic informations – age, gender, educational attainment, employment, matrimonial position and contact information. Clinical information – cause of hurt, site and type of hurt. Part II: Health-Realted Quality of Life Information for HRQoL of occupational route clang victims will be obtained through the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure ( COPM ) , that is conceptually derived from the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance ( Jolles et. Al, 2005 ) . It is designed to mensurate client-identified jobs in self-care, productiveness and leisure. The step is designed to observe alteration in a client ‘s self-perception of occupational public presentation over clip. Tonss are obtained for public presentation and satisfaction with public presentation. The difference between initial and subsequent tonss is a step of result, with a two-point difference in either way bespeaking important alteration. However, respondents should non cognize about their old tonss as this may impact their terminal consequence. They need to rate their public presentation and satisfaction based merely on their current perceptual experiences. Harmonizing to Canadian Assosiation of Occupational Therapists ( CAOT ) , COPM is designed to be used for assortment of disablements and across all developmental phases. In add-on, COPM is a standardised instrument, with a semi-structured interview format and structured hiting method. Change scores between appraisal and reappraisal utilizing the COPM are the most meaningful tonss derived from this appraisal. The step is easy to administrate, taking 20-40 proceedingss. The COPM works really good as an initial appraisal. COPM has been used in more than 35 states and has been translated into over 20 linguistic communications. 3.2 Statistical analysis The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences ( SPSS ) version 14.0 will be used to analyze the information. Probabilities of less than 0.05 were accepted as important. How to cite Hrqol Among Road Crash Victims Health And Social Care Essay, Essay examples

Friday, April 24, 2020

War Poetry Essay Example For Students

War Poetry Essay This becomes obvious when nee reads a poem by a chosen poet, as Jessie Pope was for getting the troops to sign up, while Wilfred Owen had a completely anti-war persona, which had developed after fighting in the First World War. I shall describe fully and deeply in the upcoming paragraphs the attitudes of both the authors. It all began in August 1914. Otherwise known as the Great War. The cause of it all was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, whom was the heir to the Austrian throne at that time. This killing happened on the 28th June 1914 in Bosnia, a province that Austria had seized in 1908. We will write a custom essay on War Poetry specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Austria suspected that Serbia had plotted the murder and so attacked Serbia. Russia supported Serbia; therefore Germany declared was on Russia, and France had stood by the Dual Alliance it had made with Russia. Great Britain and the Commonwealth, France, Belgium, Russia, Serbia and Japan formed the Allies, later to be Joined by the United States, Italy, Romania, Greece and several other countries. On the other side were the central powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Which were soon Joined by Turkey and later, Bulgaria. The chief cause of the war was Germanys desire to bread and to obtain more colonies for its growing population and trade. Its powerful neighbor, Germany, dragged the empire of Austria-Hungary into the conflict. When the war began, most of large nations on the European mainland were ready with armies of several million men raised by a Analysis Whos for the game is a conversational poem through which Jessie Popes representation of war encapsulates the Jingoistic opinion of her culture: that war was fun, Jovial and full of glory that any young man could earn if only he had the courage. In essence, this poem is based around the comparison of war to a sporting game and n lines 1 and 2 we can see this metaphor being created with the words The game, the biggest thats played and game of a fight. . This lighthearted tone continues when Pope utilizes the idea linking nature of rhyme to contrast the courageous options and the cowardly options, as can be seen in lines 2 and 4. After reading these lines, it is clear to the reader that Pope has represented war as a game noble and glorious. On line 11 Pope suggests that the worst thing that could happen too soldier is to return home on crutches not death and on lines 7 and 8 Pope asks every young an if they want to take part in the show of war or if they want to Just sit in the stands. These 3 lines make evident the crux of the second side to Popes representation. In saying that the worst thing that could possibly happen to a soldier is coming home on crutches, Pope has represented war as not only noble and glorious but harmless! The modern world hadnt yet experienced war on as large or costly scale as World War 1 and Jessie pope was only one of many poets whose poems are evidence of this fact. Whos For The Game is a quintessential Jingoistic poem of that time one that presents war as honorable, noble, and ultimately, a glory machine for which to work one must only have the same amount of courage that is needed to play a game of sport. War Poem Analysis In this essay I am going to be analyzing three poems and them comparing them to each other. I am going to be talking about the differences and the similarities of the poems. First I am going to be talking about the three poems in detail. The poem I am going to be analyzing now is Whos for the Game by Jessie Pope. This poem was meant to inspire and make young men Join the war against the opposition. Jessie Pope was a poem writer in the time of the first world war. She wrote a lot of poems like this but this is the most famous. Wholl grip and tackle the Job unafraid? And who thinks hed rather sit tight? In this line she is trying to communicate that if you dont go then you are a coward because you would rather sit tight while all your friends are fighting for their country. Who wants a turn to himself in the show? And who wants a seat in the stand? In this line she says that if you go then youll be famous and respected. If you dont then you will have to watch your friends being expected and appreciated and have none for yourself. Who knows it wont be a picnic-?not much-? Yet eagerly shoulders a gun? I think in this line she communicates that she does understand the evils of war. .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f , .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .postImageUrl , .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f , .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f:hover , .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f:visited , .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f:active { border:0!important; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f:active , .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc9b5eac070342e23feadac3bf2c89e4f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Shelley's novel EssayShe says in this line whether or not you are ready to hold a gun with the intentions of killing someone. Come along, lads In this line she uses colloquial language again trying to get young men to Join the cause. In the last stanza she is trying to make people feel patriotic. Inform country is up to her neck in a fight, And shes looking and calling for you. She is ring to say that the country is in war and its calling to you to help. She also callas Britain a she and calling an object a she is showing a sign of affection to it. She is also calling Britain your mother like a motherland. I think this poem is very effective at making people patriotic and proud. For the Job that it had it was very effective. Many people think that this poem is Jessie Pope Page 1 of 2 An analysis of Whos for the Game? By Jessie Pope War is a highly debatable topic that has influenced many poets. An issue that is important in Jessie Popes 1914 poem Whos for the game? This essay will explore a range of literary devices used within the poem to help analyses the explicit and implicit meanings. Furthermore, it will use appropriate literacy terminology to back up quotes within the poem. Additionally, this essay will analyses the structure of the poem to show how meaning is conveyed. Pope, a naive poet, speaks of a highly debatable topic known to man. However, she makes reference to the war as being a game, she suggests that it is The biggest thats played though, she does not anticipate the destruction which war may bring. The poem is reliant on propaganda which relied heavily on mens guilt. It could be seen that this encouraged men to fight and defend their county. This is shown through a literary device, a metaphor. An example being, And who wants a seat in the stand the use of this device prominently states that suspecting the war will result in deepest regret because they are not defending their country. It could be suggested that the emphasis of the metaphor helped influence mens participation in the war. Arguably, though Pope promotes the so called glory of war, it is seen that not protecting their country could result in an invasion. Here, Pope addresses that without soldiers at war, their country could be destroyed. Alternatively, Pope makes use of personification indicating the realism of war. She writes, Inform country is up to her neck in a fight. Here, the poet personifies their country as a woman, implying that the war is at its most extreme. This addresses the men that their country needs them the most at this point in time. In contrast, it is clear that the implicit meaning of this literary device exposes the brutality of war, vicious and scary. Jessie Pope has written her poem in a conversational manner making Whos for

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Evaluation of Ethical Responsibilities as Psychologists

Evaluation of Ethical Responsibilities as Psychologists This paper attempts to highlight some issues that any psychologist may encounter during his or her practice. Besides, the paper seeks to highlight ethical aspects that psychologists must consider while dealing with clients and the community.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Evaluation of Ethical Responsibilities as Psychologists specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There is also a description of other ethical aspects of psychologists such as values, diversity issues, confidentiality, research, multiple relationships and boundaries. Integrity as a Learner The ultimate goal of education is to deliver knowledge to learners. The expectation in any learning institution is that learners will observe academic integrity in the due course of their study (Jacob Powers, 2009). However, most learners and professionals in education act in ways that are contrary to this goal. As a psychology learner, it is vital to complete assignment s individually as opposed to copying other people’s work. Another issue that is evident in the learning process is competition. Learners should be made aware of the significance of competition in education and research process (Flanagan, Miller, Jacob, 2005). Professionals should conduct competition with diligence and through just ways such as monitored practice. Whereas competition can be extremely beneficial in the field of education, it can bear contrary results when conducted without considering psychological aspects. Competition should take place in consideration of aspects such as fairness, impartiality and established guidelines. Similarly, as psychology learners, we should focus on psychology as a discipline and work towards adding knowledge to this area of study through research (Flanagan, Miller, Jacob, 2005).Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Psychologists should maintain the integrity in the entire education process, particularly, when carrying out research and other assignments. For instance, we must uphold the confidentiality required during research processes (Williams, Armistead, Jacob, 2008). Psychologists must uphold principles of honesty and moral values, depending on the society, so as not to taint their images. The area that was new to me in this topic was the issue of ethics that must be involved in competition during the education process. This is because most studies have not focused on impacts that competition can have on learning. One trait that learners have to change can be related to how they conduct assignments. Some learners practice unethical behaviors during completion of assignments such as replicating other peoples work. Even when these learners are able to complete individual research they are never honest about the results of the entire results process. While such learners may end up excelling in their stud ies, they may be of little value to the society as they lack professional ethics. Personal Values as they relate to Professional Ethics There exists a relationship between professional ethics and personal values. This is because personal values influence how we handle daily circumstances. However, psychologists must ensure that their personal values and belief systems do not affect how they handle clients (Iverson, 2006). In other words, psychologists must be objective when dealing with clients irrespective of their belief systems. Suppose a psychologist discovers that values of a client are likely to be harmful, he must make efforts to help the client to understand the real situation.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Evaluation of Ethical Responsibilities as Psychologists specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Values guide us in differentiating right from wrong. However, we may find that what is wrong for one person is su itable for the other. In such a situation psychologists must be careful not to impose their self values to clients. However, unethical issue may arise where by a client want to terminate his or her life due to personal beliefs on matters to do with abortion, sickness, and religion (Iverson, 2006). On such occasions, it can be tricky for psychologists to remain objective. The best thing that a psychologist, who encounters such a situation, can do is to report the matter to legal authorities, since the life of the client can be in danger if the psychologist fails to take any action. One area of learning that is new to me is the circumstance where a client wants to take way his life, for reasons related to his or her values. While a psychologist has to remain impartial, in most other cases, this case obtains different treatment due to the seriousness of the issue. The role of psychologists in this case evolves to relating the situation to legal jurisdictions and offering psychological help that does not interfere with the values and beliefs of the client. I find the act of a psychologist referring a client to another psychologist to be ambiguous. This is because the discipline of psychology requires psychologists to be impartial and objective even when the value of the clients contradicts the values of the psychologists. In other words, if a psychologist is impartial in his or her treatment of a certain psychological issue then there would be no need of referring the client to someone else. This aspect should change because psychologists obtain training to handle people from any diversity.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Multicultural and Diversity Issues Diversity and multicultural issues, which face many psychologists, arise due to diversities in ethnic groups, religions and races. Most psychologists encounter difficulties in dealing with diverse people due to their ignorance about other cultures (Plante, 2007). For instance, psychologists may decide to place two people from different cultures in a similar room for therapy, without considering their differences. Such a situation is not likely to yield the expected results because the two people may understand information that obtains delivery in different ways. Thus, psychologists need to seek for cultural information from various sources such as the American Psychology Association, which offers directions on how to handle persons from different cultures, populations and ethnicities (American Psychological Association, 2002). Within this topic, I have learnt that it is essential for psychologists to seek knowledge regarding beliefs and practices o f persons from different cultures. This is because cultural practices may make a client not to be at ease or open in disclosing their experiences. While it may seem easy for some of us to sit down and talk with counselors, others may find it difficult due to their cultural beliefs. For instance, Muslims men should not mix with Muslim ladies. Therefore, in cases where counselors are men, women may fail to disclose their needs. Psychologists have to change their perceptions regarding persons from different diversities in order not to treat people from certain background with prejudice. This can only be achieved through studying materials that are available about such cultures. The ambiguous thing when dealing with multicultural situations is that a client may regard a psychologist as unethical because of performing an act that is morally correct according to the culture of the psychologist, but wrong to the culture of the client. Confidentiality Confidentiality involves non disclosure of communication that takes place among people (Plante, 2007). Ethical issues are likely to arise when confidential information that a client shared with a psychologist becomes disclosed. It is the duty of psychologists to guard information of a client against persons like friends, families and any other people who may be interested in knowing information about a client (Plante, 2007). A psychologist should never share any confidential information without concept from the client or a legal authority. However, a psychologist may disclose such information in order to protect the integrity of a person or people who may be affected by such information or people whose lives may be at risk due to non disclosure of such information (Plante, 2007). Within this area, I have learnt that there exist some cases when disclosure of information about a client can be allowed. This includes circumstances like when nondisclosure information may cause harm to other people or when there are legal grou nds to disclose such information. One area that I find to be ambiguous is the storage of confidential information in electronic medical records. This is because such information can be leaked through technological means. Besides, I find the fact that some confidential information becomes disclosed to be ambiguous. Boundary and Multiple Relations Psychologists encounter difficulties when they become engaged in social or intimate relationships with the client. Such relationships are likely to interfere with the objectivity of the psychologists or harm the client (Oberlander Barnett, 2005). Hence, psychologists need to have limits with their clients. In case of multiple relationships psychologists should handle the situation wisely in order to ensure they do not hurt the client (Oberlander Barnett, 2005; Pipes, Holstein, Aguirre, 2005). In this area, I have learnt that psychologists may engage in multiple relationships as long as they ensure that such relationships do not interfere with their objectivity. I find the fact that psychologists should not build relationships with their clients to be ambiguous, since other times psychologists engage in community work that require them to have relationships with community members. Community Work One community issue that is apparent in this area is confidentiality. This is because community programs involve lots of conversations which may lead to disclosure of private information (Fisher, 2006). Confidentiality should guard both the program and participants from the incursion of privacy through creating links between the program and its members. Another ethical issue that is common in this area is conducting researches without consent from members and sharing such information with other groups (Plante, 2007). This part has made me realize the need for advocate counselors who should represent the rights of community members particularly regarding confidentiality. I find the fact that the relationship between the psycho logist and client in the therapeutic setting should be professional wile during community programs the relationship becomes more social. Research The issue of research becomes surrounded by many ethical concerns some of which include misappropriating funds for research, modes of storing data, unveiling the research before the due date, and patent stealing (Haverkamp, 2005). I find most issues in this area to be new to me. This is because most studies just emphasize on the need for confidentiality. What I find ambiguous in this part is that research should confirm hypothesis, but some modes of research used have little credibility. In conclusion, a psychologist has many ethical responsibilities, both in the office and towards the community. The responsibilities of a psychologist do not just entail offering psychological therapy, as they also include other fields like cultures, values, building relationships and roles. Hence, psychologists have responsibilities in many parts of human beings. Future studies should find out the extent to which psychologists practice ethical responsibilities. References American Psychological Association (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. American Psychologist, 57, 1060– 1073. Fisher, C. B. (2006). Privacy and ethics in pediatric environmental health research- part 1: Genetic and prenatal testing. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114, 1617–1621. Flanagan, R., Miller, J. A., Jacob, S. (2005). The 2002 revision of APA’s ethics code: Implications for school psychologists. Psychology in the Schools, 42, 433–445. Haverkamp, B. (2005). Ethical perspectives on qualitative research in applied psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(2), 146-155. Iverson, G. L. (2006). Ethical issues associated with the assessment of exaggeration, poor effort, and malingering. Applied Neuropsychology, 13 77 – 90. Jacob, S., Powers, K. E. (2009). Privileged communication in the scho ol psychologist–client relationship. Psychology in the Schools, 46, 307–318. Oberlander, S. E., Barnett, J. D. (2005). Multiple relationships between graduate assistants and students: Ethical and practical considerations. Ethics Behavior, 15, 49-64. Pipes, R. B., Holstein, J. D., Aguirre, M. G. (2005). Examining the personal-professional distinction. American Psychologist, 60, 325-334. Plante, T. (2007). Integrating spirituality and psychotherapy: Ethical issues and principles to consider. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 891-902. Williams, B., Armistead, L., Jacob, S. (2008). Professional ethics for school psychologists: A problem-solving model casebook. Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

How to Analyze a File Line By Line With Python

How to Analyze a File Line By Line With Python One of the primary reasons people use Python is for analyzing and manipulating text. If your program needs to work through a file, it is usually best to read in the file one line at a time for reasons of memory space and processing speed. This is best done with a while loop. Code Sample for Analyzing Text Line by Line fileIN open(sys.argv[1], r) line fileIN.readline() while line: [some bit of analysis here] line fileIN.readline() This code takes the first command line argument as the name of the file to be processed. The first line opens it and initiates a file object, fileIN. The second line then reads the first line of that file object and assigns it to a string variable, line. The while loop executes based on the constancy of line. When line changes, the loop restarts. This continues until there are no more lines of the file to be read. The program then exits. Reading the file in this way, the program does not bite off more data than it is set to process. It  processes the data it does input faster, giving its output incrementally. In this way, the memory footprint of the program is kept low, and the processing speed of the computer does not take a hit. This can be important if you are  writing a CGI script that may see a few hundred instances of itself running at a time.   More About While in Python The while loop statement repeatedly executes a target statement as long as the condition is true. The syntax of the while loop in Python is:   while expression: statement(s) The statement may be a single statement or a block of statements. All the statements indented by the same amount are considered to be part of the same code block. Indentation is how Python indicates groups of statements.